Buying a Racquet FAQS

Tennis Racquets:

What determines racquet choice? 

Technical variables:

  • Mass weight
  • Stiffness
  • Beam width
  • Swing weight 
  • Frame composition 
  • Weight distribution
  • Head Size 
  • Grip size
  • Frame length
  • Frame/beam density
  • String pattern

Human variables:

  • Player ability 
  • Age and height 
  • Strength and agility
  • Game requirements
  • Injuries & special needs

What is adult tennis size?

  • Racquets over 26"

What is junior tennis size?

Sizes will vary with ages below:

  • 0-4 yrs: 19"
  • 4-5 yrs: 21"
  • 6-8 yrs: 23"
  • 9-10: 25"
  • 10-12: 26"

What are the tennis grip sizes?

Adul Tennis:

  • GRIP 0 = 4" (100-103mm)
  • GRIP 1 = 4 1/8" (103-106mm)
  • GRIP 2 = 4 1/4" (106-110mm)
  • GRIP 3 = 4 3/8" (110-113mm)
  • GRIP 4 = 4 1/2" (113-118mm)
  • GRIP 5 = 4 5/8" (118-120mm)

Junior Tennis: 

  • 26"= 4 inches
  • Sub 26"= 3 7/8 inches

What are balance points?

Normally referenced in 1/8 of inch measurements above and below the balance racquet point.

What does head heavy mean?

Weight mass proportionally distributed in the hoop of the frame. This results in the racquet being more powerful with more energy produced at the top end of the racquet. If the balance is more than 345mm (34.5cm) on an adult size tennis racquet then the racquet is head heavy.

What does head heavy suit?

A tennis player seeking more power with reduced human swing effort but also able to manage manoeuvrability.

What does head light mean?

Weight mass proportionally distributed in the grip end of the frame. This results in the racquet being less powerful but with more mass at the base of the racquet for enhanced control. If the balance is less than 345mm (34.5cm) on an adult tennis racquet then the racquet is head light.

What does head light suit?

A tennis player seeking more human control and less natural power from the racquet. A junior, beginner or person less able to hold a heavier racquet who is not looking for power primarily but more racquet manoeuvrability may benefit from head light racquets.

What is evenly balanced?

With a more evenly balanced racquet, weight is distributed more evenly across the frame allowing for power and control to be more "evenly balanced". If the balance point is 345mm (34.5cm) on an adult tennis racquet or very close then the racquet is perfectly balanced.

What evenly balanced suits?

A tennis player seeking a more equal balance of control and power in the frame will do well with an evenly balanced racquet. Intermediate to advanced players will benefit from this balance type if they are seeking a good balance of power and control. 

What stiffness offers?

The stiffer the racquet, the more powerful it is. At the same time it can feel firmer and less comfortable. If you have elbow problems, consider looking for racquets with reduced stiffness. These reduced racquets are aka control and feel racquets and good for precision players.

What is swing weight?

In simple terms, swing weight is a measurement of how heavy a tennis racquet feels when swinging to hit a ball. Swing weight is primarily a function of the distribution or balance of weight throughout a tennis racquet. The higher the swing weight, the heavier the racquet.

What smaller head sizes offer?

Smaller head sizes offer more control. If the head size is complimented with a dense string pattern like an 18x20, then this will add even more control due to less deflection and more strings on the bed to assist with the control of the ball.

What does a thinner beam offer?

More control as it absorbs more of the energy at impact.

What does a thicker beam offer?

More power. 

What beams for elbow problems?

Thinner beams will help absorb more vibration and shock and reduce impact of the arm. 

What are the beam sizes?

  • 22m or less is considered a narrow beam
  • 22-24mm is considered an average beam
  • 24mm or more is considered a wide beam

Badminton Racquets:

What are the badminton grip sizes?

  • G1 = 3 inches
  • G2 = 3 1/4 inches
  • G3 = 3 1/2 inches
  • G4 = 3 3/4 inches
  • G5 = 4 inches

What are the racquet weights?

  • U: 95-99g
  • 2U: 90-94g
  • 3U: 85-89g
  • 4U: 80-84g
  • 5U: 75-79g
  • 6U (F): 70-74g

What are the popular weights?

  • 3U and 4U are popular 

What are training weights?

  • U and 2U and apply for forearm development

What is shaft flex?

In the badminton world, the shaft of the racquet will have a level of flexibility. This "flex" or flexibility refers to the shafts ability to bend in line with the swing of the racquet frame. Shafts can be referred to as flexible, medium flex, stiff, to extra stiff stiff and are suitable for different player requirements.


What stiff suits?

  • The less flex in a shaft, the more power delivery the shaft assists with. So stiff shafts will bend less and therefore assist in channelling optimum energy with delivery in the swing process before the shuttle is hit. Stiff shafts suit strong arm players able to move frames swiftly and suit players with the above deliver more power & control. In summary, advanced and skilled players will benefit from stiff and extra stiff shafts as they have evolved their technique and are looking to maximise control and power.

What flexible suits?

  • At the other end, the more flexible shafts bend more easily and assist beginners, intermediate players and juniors who are not swinging the racquet at high speeds and looking to develop technique, or have a racquet that can help them adapt to defensive play. More flexible shafts will assist players deliver power but overall deliver less control and power than a stiffer shaft due to the shaft bending.

Squash Racquets:

Types of squash racquets available?

Two main categories: 

  • Open throat (teardrop)
  • Closed 

What does teardrop offer me?

  • More surface area
  • More power delivery

What does closed offer me?

  • Reduced surface area
  • More control delivery

What do wider beams offer?

  • More mass & power 
  • Suiting developing players

What do thinner beams offer?

  • More manoeuvrability
  • Suiting very skilled players

What head lite racquets offer?

  • More manoeuvrability
  • Suiting attacking players

What are the squash grip sizes?

Squash racquets grips normally come in one default size. The grip can be built on with replacement or over-grips to suit the players hand size, or reduced by removing the original replacement grip and replacing with an over-grip

What does head heavy mean?

Head heavy refers to the weight of the squash racquet proportionally being heavier in the hoop of the squash frame. This results in the racquet being more powerful. 

What does head heavy suit?

A squash player seeking more power with reduced swing effort but able to manage less natural control. In addition, a player who is able to manage a head heavy racquet in terms of managing the racquets manoeuvrability. 

What does head light mean?

The opposite of the heavy type of racquet where the weight is proportionally heavier towards the squash racquet handle. This results in the racquet being more manoeuvrable and easier to control. Tennis players may seek head l

What does head light suit?

A player seeking more natural control from the racquets energy. A junior, beginner or person less able to hold a heavier racquet who is not looking for power but more racquet manoeuvrability.